Cover and Acknowledgments
Vegetative Treatment Systems for Open Lot Runoff was developed under the leadership of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) through an Int ...
VTS Appendices
Sixappendices are referenced in Chapters 1 through 9 and included in attached document. ...
Chapter 9. Review of Literature
This paper reviews the research literature for Vegetative Treatment Systems, summarizing performance observations and design, management, and siting recommendations for vegetative filte ...
Chapter 8 - Management Guidelines for Vegetative Treatment Systems
Proper management of vegetative treatment systems is critical to its proper functioning and longevity. After the appropriate plant species are established, there are a number of operati ...
Chapter 7. VIB Design
Vegetative Infiltration Basins (VIB) provide an optional treatment component that relies on soil properties for filtering nutrients and other contaminants from the runoff water. They ha ...
Chapter 6. Vegetative Treatment Area Design
Vegetated Treatment Systems (VTAs) are a fairly simple technology having modest design requirements. However, for a VTA to function properly and minimize the opportunity for discharge o ...
Chapter 5. Liquid-Solid Separation
The liquid-solid separation component is a key feature of a VTA System. This component should 1) Remove most settable solids from feedlot runoff and 2) Release liquids to VTA or IB in a ...
Chapter 4. Siting Criteria for Vegetative Treatment Systems
Vegetative Treatment Areas (VTA) typically offers significant value to siting of a runoff management system within a rural neighborhood. These systems replace a large holding pond with ...
Chapter 3. System Options Based upon Vegetated Treatment Areas
Vegetated Treatment Areas (VTAs) are generally regarded as an alternative technology that alone will not meet the Effluent Limitation Guidelines of the CAFO regulations. This section wi ...
Chapter 2. Understanding Environmental Regulations for Alternative Technologies
For small and medium animal feeding operations, vegetative treatment systems (VTS) may provide an option for avoiding classification as a CAFOs. For large CAFOs, VTS may provide an opti ...
Chapter 1. Introduction to Vegetative Treatment Systems
This report introduces the use of vegetative treatment systems (VTS) for managing open lot runoff. It was based upon the efforts of a 15 member work group representing the research, reg ...
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